Are Grass Snakes Dangerous?

The grass snake (Natrix natrix) also called the ringed snake or even water snake is a non-venomous snake located in Europe, Asia, and Africa. They are a species that is really adaptable and may survive in habitats in unique altitudes and environments.

The many subspecies of bud snake are frequently dispersed in southern Europe, which ranges from southern Scandinavia to southern Italy and west by the Iberian peninsula to the west so much as the Lake Baikal in Russia. These snakes are located in the Middle East and temperate Africa.

Grass snakes also occupy lowland regions of Great Britain, being generally found in southeast and southeast of England. It is absent in Ireland and absences in Scotland and a lot rarer in Wales, according to the legend Saint Patrick sprinkled all snakes.

The grass snake’s favorite habitats include woodlands, grasslands, fields, and marshes rather close to water resources such as ponds, lakes, rivers, and rivers. They’re also able to dip and hold their breath, although these snakes are extremely good swimmers seen with their heads of the water. They move fast.

Grass snakes are generally dark green, white, olive-green, brown or grayish in color, in colder areas of the range they’re generally darker which helps them thermoregulate. They have a row of darker stripes across the sides and occasionally a row of curved markers that are smaller is present across the trunk.

The stomach is off-white, light or yellow in color coated with dark irregular, rectangular or triangular markers. Occasionally entirely white (albino) or black (melanistic) specimens can be located.

The grass snake comes with a feature yellow, white, orange or red collar just behind your mind. That has got them their additional choice common name of”ringed snake”, in french”Couleuvre à collier” or Spanish”Culebra de Collar” and”Cobra-de-água-de-colar” in Portuguese. Even so in certain people, this”collar” could be absent.

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Both genders are usually very similar in look, though bud snake females are extremely often considerably larger in the girth and length, men, on the flip side, have more tails using a swelling in its base.

Girls can grow as much as 2 m however on average achieve 90 to 110 cms, whereas men reach a maximum period of approximately 80 cm with a mean of 60 cm.

Their name,”Grass snake” can also be utilized in North America however to identify two other entirely unrelated species that the rough green snake (Opheodrys aestivus) along with the smooth green snake (Opheodrys vernalis).

All these tiny non-venomous are defenseless and employ a variety of approaches to prevent predators. They may generate a foul-smelling fluid, or feign death, placing on a series including becoming entirely placing on their back, using the open mouth, a mind, along with their tongue sticking out. This is a behavior similar to that of different snakes species such as the northwestern Eastern hognose (Heterodon platirhinos).

They may also occasionally secrete blood out of their nose and mouth. However, if all fails that they attempt to bluff their way outside, doing an aggressive screen while hitting with a shut mouth and puffing.

Grass snakes seldom sting in self-defense. They will regurgitate any foods present if picked.

They can usually really do fall prey to many different predators like corvids, owls, storks, and likely other creatures of prey but mammals such as foxes, badgers or national cats. Their life span in the wild is estimated at 15 decades.

The grass snake is really a diurnal creature being active through the afternoon, occasionally found basking on trees at the branches or inside a trunk. The grass snakes usually do hibernate throughout winter rainy weather from October or even September till April or even March, with heaps of rock fissures stones piles or parasitic vegetation.
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Grass Snakes Subspecies

The species was described as Coluber Natrix from Linnaeus in 1758 and after reclassified as Natrix natrix by Stejneger in 1907.

The species scientific name Natrix derives probably from the Latin term”nare” or even”nature” so “to float”, talking with their own superb swimming abilities.

Like other snake species, scientists do not always agree regarding the amount of bud snake subspecies. At present, the most commonly accepted amount is 9 subspecies.

N. natrix natrix
N. natrix schweizeri
N. natrix helvetica
N. natrix astreptophora
N. natrix cetti
N. natrix corsa
N. natrix persa
N. natrix sicula
N. natrix scutata

Grass Snakes Diet


The grass snake pops chiefly on toads, frogs, lizards, and newts but occasionally they will eat modest mammals, birds, and tiny fishes. They may additionally on occasion eat fish eggs and mammals or ants.

They’re active seekers, actively looking for their prey, typically on the border of the water from canals, ponds, streams, and rivers. The grass snake is based on their keen vision and hearing and the sense of smell called the organ of the Jacobson.

Contrary to other non-venomous snakes they do not utilize constriction to kill their prey as with other non-venomous snakes like the boa constrictor. The creature only swallowed while still living and is merely grabbed. They’re effective at absorbing quite a prey .

Following a meal, then they’ll cling to maximize their body temperature to assist the digestion procedure. Bud snake that is captive will require earthworms but maybe not prey things that are lifeless.

Grass Snakes Reproduction



The breeding season attracts grass snakes in massive groups, typically a couple of females to a far bigger group of men. Men will emerge followed by the females sooner if temperatures are positive or as many as two weeks afterward around April.

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The grass snake breeding season occurs from March to June, typically in two less or more different phases. The very initial from March to April if the snakes coming from hibernation lose their skin, and another in the fall before they enter hibernation.

Males loosen their own entire body across a receptive feminine, massaging against the female with his mind whilst wrap their tail across the female’s torso enabling the copulation to take place. Females appear to have the ability to pick the instant of childbirth according to problems and to keep the sperm.

Girls lay around 50 white eggs with a leathery shell in June or even July, grass snakes are Britain’s sole egg-laying snake species. Hunt for a suitable site in compost trees or plants since heat is needed by the eggs.

The egg growth is contingent upon the temperature, however, they generally hatch 6 to 2 weeks when they are laid. Hatchlings utilize their egg to escape by dividing the shell, these teeth have been dropped after hatching.

The recently born bud snakes are approximately 7 inches (18 cm) long and have to be instantly separate from the moment of arrival. Begin breeding at four or five years of age, while men mature at 3 decades old females. As soon as they attain maturity females drop their skin once annually twice per year while men shed.

Grass Snakes Conservation

The grass snake for a whole is classified as Least Concern species on the IUCN Red List. It’s also secure in the Uk from the Countryside and Wildlife Act.

Though it’s still rather prevalent in the UK they’ve become scarcer and therefore are decreasing in numbers. The species can be listed under Appendix III of the Bern Convention.