Basset Bleu de Gascogne Dog: Characteristics & Breed Information

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne dog is a long-backed, short legged breed of dog of the hound type. It is also known by some other names such as Blue Gascony Basset and Bleus de Gascogne. The “bleu” of its name is a reference to its coat which has a ticked appearance.

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne dog breed was originated in the Middle Ages from France. It became nearly extinct around the early 19th Century. However, the breed was saved and revived by the work of Alain Bourbon. It is a French native breed, and is rare outside of it’s homeland.

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne breed descended directly from the old breed of Grand Bleu de Gascogne. These dogs have been recorded in the paintings from the 14 century in Gascony, Southwest France.

The exact origin of the Basset Bleu de Gascogne dog breed is debated. One theory is that it is a cross of the Grand Bleu with the Saintongeois Basset, another theory is that the Basset Bleu is a natural mutation of the Grand combined with selective breeding for shorter legs in order to slow down the breed.

It is thought that Gaston III of Foix-Béarn kept a pack of these dogs to hunt wild boar and wolves. He is known as the writer of the Livre de chasse, considered the classic treatise on medieval hunting.[1]

Prior to the French Revolution, hunting was reserved for the nobility who generally hunted on horseback. Following the French Revolution, hunting was opened up to the common people who would hunt on foot and found following a large hunting dog difficult. From this the slower, shorter legged Basset Bleu de Gascogne may have been created.

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Today, the Basset Bleu de Gascogne is one of six types of Basset Hound recognised by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.

Basset Bleu de Gascogne Dog Characteristics

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne dog is very beautiful, and is a smooth-coated breed. Their general appearance is usually not too heavy.

They have dark brown eyes and low-set ears that can reach at least the end of their muzzle. Because of their working nature as a hunting hound, effects of this work such as scars, nicks, notches on the ears and so on are not considered a fault in the show ring.

The color of their coat is predominantly white, ticked so as to give a bluish appearance, with brown spots and tan markings above the eyes and on the ears.

Average height of the mature Basset Bleu de Gascogne dogs is between 13 and 15 inches at the withers. And their average live body weight is between 16 and 18 kg.

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Temperament

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne dog is a laid-back breed and it is generally calm in nature. The breed is adaptable to apartment or condo life as long as they get their daily walk.

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne dogs are highly social, so they need to spend a lot of time with family. They do not do well when left alone for long periods of time. They have a bit of an independent streak at times so plenty of socialization and early training is recommended.

They do not always get along with children, although this may be because it is primarily kept as a hunting dog rather than a family pet. And the breed doesn’t nave a strong reputation with children in general

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Lifespan

Average lifespan of the Basset Bleu de Gascogne dog is over 10 years.

Feeding

How much a mature dog eats depends on it’s size, age, build, metabolism and activity level. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don’t all need the same amount of food.

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne is a small to medium sized breed. So, their diet should be formulated for a small to medium sized breed with average exercise needs. You can also consult with a vet for better recommendations.

Caring

Taking good care of the animals is very important for raising Basset Bleu de Gascogne dog. As a hunting breed, the Basset Bleu de Gascogne has moderate needs for exercise.

They generally do very well with 30 minutes of moderate exercise daily, and much of their exercise needs can be met with active playtime or tracking games. And they generally don’t do well when left alone for long periods of time.

Health

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne dogs are generally healthy. But like all other dog breeds, they are also prone to certain health conditions.

Their common health problems include bloating, back problems, hip dysplasia, ear infections, and gastric torsion. Always keep good contact with a vet in your area.

Breed Name Basset Bleu de Gascogne
Other Names Blue Gascony Basset and Bleus de Gascogne
Breed Size Small to medium
Height Between 13 and 15 inches at the withers
Weight Between 16 and 18 kg
Good as pets Yes
Climate Tolerance All climates
Color Mottled black and white
Lifespan Over 10 years
Good for children Yes
Rarity Rare
Country of Origin France